Oklahoma and Texas 2014

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Oklahoma Native AmericanAbout Oklahoma

A magical journey through the state formed in 1907 from the Indian and Oklahoma territories. Visits to friends and relatives. Bison sightings and much more. Oklahoma Native American (Right)

Oklahoma is the 20th most extensive and the 28th most populous of the 50 United States. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people". With small mountain ranges, prairie, mesas, and eastern forests, most of Oklahoma lies in the Great Plains and the U.S. Interior Highlands, a region especially prone to severe weather. The population consists of a prevalence of English, German, Scottish, Scotch-Irish, plus many of Native American ancestry. More than 25 Native American languages are spoken in Oklahoma, second only to California.

TopOklahoma and Texas Weather

Latest Houston, Texas, weather Latest Norman, Oklahoma, weather Latest Middletown, RI, weather Latest Belmont, MA, weather Latest Honolulu, HI, weather

For other localities see Weather.com or WeatherForYou.com

Top Oklahoma Links (all outside)

  1. Oklahoma from Wikipedia
  2. Washita Battlefield National Historic Site (NPS) in Roger, Mills County, Oklahoma protects and interprets the setting along the Washita River where Lt. Col. George A. Custer led the 7th U.S. Cavalry on a surprise dawn attack against the Southern Cheyenne village of Peace Chief Black Kettle on November 27, 1868. The attack was an important event in the tragic clash of cultures of the Indian Wars era. YT HD 6.5 min See Map Photo

    Washita Battlefield National Historic Site ENLARGE GO to GoogleMap

Top Oklahoma Facts and Trivia

  1. Anadarko is home to the only authentic Indian City in the United States. It is located in the beautiful Washita river valley in southwest Oklahoma.
  2. In 1998, a life size statue of a cattle drive, titled "On the Chisholm Trail," was set in place in Duncan as a monument to the American Cowboy.
  3. State Motto: Labor Omnia Vincit {Labor Conquers All Things}
  4. Belle Starr one of the most famous women outlaws is buried in an isolated grave southwest of Porum, Oklahoma near the Eufuala Dam.
  5. Originally the "Normal School," University of Central Oklahoma was Oklahoma's first public school of higher education. It began as a teachers college, and is now a premier institution of education in this region of the United States.
  6. Oklahoma's four mountain ranges include the Ouachitas, Arbuckles, Wichitas and the Kiamichis.
  7. Foress B. Lillie was a participant in the land run of 1889, and set up a tent for business as soon as shots were fired. Lillie's Drug was the first drug store established in Guthrie. Lillie was issued the No. 1 license certificate when the new state of Oklahoma registered him as a practicing pharmacist.
  8. Oklahoma was the setting for the movie "Twister".
  9. Oklahoma is bordered by six states: Texas to the south and west, Arkansas and Missouri to the east, Kansas to the north and Colorado and New Mexico at the tip of the northwestern Oklahoma panhandle.
  10. Garth Brooks was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma. He grew up in Yukon, Oklahoma.
  11. Oklahoma is one of only two states whose capital cities name includes the state name. The other is Indianapolis, Indiana.
  12. Clinton Riggs designed the YIELD sign. It was first used on a trial basis in Tulsa.
  13. Oklahoma's state wildflower the Indian Blanket is red with yellow tips. It symbolizes the state's scenic beauty as well as the its Indian heritage. The wildflower blooms in June and July.
  14. Oklahoma has more man-made lakes than any other state, with over one million surface acres of water.
  15. On April 22, 1889, the first day homesteading was permitted, 50,000 people swarmed into the area. Those who tried to beat the noon starting gun were called Sooners. Hence the state's nickname.
  16. Oklahoma's state bird the Scissor-Tailed Flycatcher is a somewhat quiet bird with beautiful plumage and a long sleek tail that is twice as long as its body. The deeply-forked tail resembles a pair of scissors.
  17. Oklahoma has the largest Native American population of any state. Many of the 250,000 American Indians living in Oklahoma are descended from the 67 tribes who inhabited the Indian Territory. Oklahoma is tribal headquarters for 39 tribes.
  18. Oklahoma City National Memorial honors the victims, survivors, rescuers, and all who were changed forever on the site of the bombing in Oklahoma City April 19, 1995.

TopOklahoma YouTubes

  1. Lee's Oklahoma YouTube Playlist click on full screen icon and then just sit back and watch
  2. Oklahoma Tourism 2013 Oklahoma 60 sec YT 1 min
  3. Oklahoma Tourism 2014 YT 1 min Sing along with the Oklahoma state song and get a 60-second sampler of the experiences awaiting you in Oklahoma.
  4. Oklahoma Tourism 2014 YT 1 min Come See For Yourself
  5. Oklahoma Tourism 2014 Come See For Yourself YT 1 min
  6. Oklahoma, Native America YT OCU is located in the heart of the ecologically diverse and endlessly diversifying Oklahoma. From bustling urban centers and charming small towns to ancient
  7. US Marine War Dancing at Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma Powwow 2014 - YT
  8. Oklahoma! OK! The song Oklahoma!, from Rogers and Hammerstein's musical of the same title, in which Curly (Gordon MacRae) and Laurey (Shirley Jones) look forward to their new adventures as husband and wife in the new state of Oklahoma. qual=fair
  9. Oklahoma City history, tour - bomb, oil YT
  10. Military Homecoming PowWow 2014 YT 8 min just see a small segment
  11. Price Tower
  12. Oklahoma Comanche singer Ad; START 1:20 YT

  1. Ultimate Packing List, The Traveller's Resource Site accessed 10/20/14 by Alex Berger

  1. Downtown Norman Oklahoma explores architecturally significant buildings within the 13 block historic district, the visual and performing arts renassaince, and the retail resurgance, Downtown Norman, Oklahoma is regaining its traditional role as the city's center of commerce and is discovering a new identity as the Norman Arts District.

Top Oklahoma Tornadoes

Oklahoma is located in a temperate region. There are occasional extremes of temperature and precipitation. Most of the state lies in "Tornado Alley"; an average 62 tornadoes strike every year, which is one of the highest rates in the world. (Source: Oklahoma)

  1. Visit Norman, OK YT 1 min
  2. Oklahoma Tornado Good footage of formation of tornado that hit Norman Oklahoma on Apr 13, 2012 around 4PM. You watch it along with the narrator who, while driving around I-35 and Lindsey Street, is talking with someone on speaker phone. Scary. YT 7 min. For even more drama watch 3 min. YouTube vid below.

"Massive EF5 Wege Tornado near Norman Oklahoma May 20th 2013"
Massive EF5 Wege Tornado near Norman Oklahoma May 20th 2013

Top Where the Bison Are

The majestic American bison can be seen along expansive pastures where native grasses sway in the breeze. At six feet tall and weighing about 1,000 pounds, each massive creature cuts a striking figure with thick brown fur contrasting against the deep blue Oklahoma sky. Take a road trip to one of these seven great destinations to see Oklahoma's state animal in all its glory.

Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge Map Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge (outside link FWS) located in southwestern Oklahoma near Lawton, has protected unique wildlife habitats since 1901 and is the oldest managed wildlife facility in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service system.[1] Measuring about 59,020 acres (238.8 km2), the Refuge hosts a great diversity of species: 806 plant species, 240 species of birds, 36 fish, and 64 reptiles and amphibians are present. The refuge's location in the geologically unique Wichita Mountains and its areas of undisturbed mixed grass prairie make it an important conservation area. The Wichitas are approximately 500 million years old.

Fauna Several species of large native mammals make their home at the refuge: Plains Bison, also known as the American buffalo, elk, white-tailed deer graze the prairies along with Texas longhorn cattle preserved for their cultural and historic importance. Bison, longhorns, and elk were introduced after the establishment of the refuge. Merriam's Elk, the original subspecies of elk in this area, is extinct, so the elk in the refuge are Rocky Mountain Elk. The ancestors of the herd were imported from Jackson Hole, Wyoming in 1911. The elk herd now numbers about 800 and white tailed deer about 450. Many smaller mammal species also live in the refuge, including the Nine-banded Armadillo and the Black-tailed Prairie Dog.

Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge was important in saving the American buffalo from extinction. In 1907 the American Bison Society transported 15 buffalo, six bulls and nine cows, from the New York Zoological Park to the refuge. On arrival, the Comanche leader Quanah Parker and a host of other Indians and Whites turned out to welcome the buffalo. At that time, buffalo had been extinct on the southern Great Plains for 30 years. The buffalo herd now numbers about 650 on the refuge. In fall, buffalo in excess of the carrying capacity of the refuge are rounded up and sold. The Refuge is home to many species of birds, and it is one of the remaining homes of the endangered Black-capped Vireo.

Refuge Visitor Center Open Daily: 9am to 5pm (Central Time Zone) for information, including maps, brochures and checklists. There are also a number of exhibits to enjoy and a short film to view.

Directions: From I-44 take Highway 49 (exit 45). Go west 10 miles to the Refuge gate. If coming from Highway 62, take Highway 115 (Cache exit) north to the Refuge Gate. You will find leaflet dispensers inside each of the Refuge gates that have maps and information. Contact Refuge Headquarters for more information. See the Maps section of this website for additional directions. The lat/long for the refuge visitor center is 34.710644 and -98.623426.

See Where the Buffalo Roam DETAILS online

Bison Oklahoma Sources:

  1. Where the Buffalo Roam statewide places to see Bison in Oklahoma from TravelOk
  2. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge from Wikipedia
  3. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge US Fish and Wildlife Service
  4. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge brochure PDF gives a helpful map, an overview of the refuge and some important regulations and details

    Refuge Trails:
    Free of charge, seven days a week from sunrise to sunset. This is where you can enjoy wildlife-related activities, including wildlife watching, hiking, and photography. Sixteen designated trails of varying lengths total over 30 miles of nature trails that offer many exciting opportunities to enjoy and explore this biologically rich refuge
  5. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge

Top Texas

Where the Cranes Are

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

1 Wildlife Circle, Austwell, TX 77950
(361) 286-3559

The Visitor Center is open Thursday through Sunday from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm.
Closed Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, and Thanksgiving and Christmas.
The refuge auto tour and trails are open daily from 30 minutes before sunrise to 30 minutes after sunset.

TopWhooping Crane Updates

The refuge posts Whooping Crane Updates while the cranes are on the Texas coast, their winter home.
Get the most recent information on aerial surveys, habitat conditions and how the refuge is managing for the benefit of these endangered birds.

See Directions and map


created October 20, 2014; last updated October 22, 2014